The purpose of a Molotov is to set fire to a target. Incendiaries have been used by regular soldiers in the absence of conventional weapons, they are also used by protesters / rioters. While effective in instilling fear in targets, Molotov cocktails pose a significant risk to the person using them.

Molotov cocktail recipe

Warning

This tutorial is provided for informational purposes only and in no way encourages illegal activity. The making and use of Molotov cocktails is extremely dangerous.

How a Molotov cocktail works

A Molotov cocktail is a simple type of improvised incendiary device. A Molotov cocktail is also known as a gasoline bomb, alcohol bomb, bottle bomb, poor man’s grenade or simply Molotov. The simplest form of the device consists of a capped bottle filled with a combustible liquid, such as gasoline or high-strength alcohol, with a fuel-soaked rag stuffed into the neck of the bottle. The cap separates the fuel from the fuse portion of the rag. To use a Molotov cocktail, the rag is ignited and the bottle is thrown against a vehicle. The bottle shatters, spraying fuel into the air. The vapor and droplets are ignited by the flame, producing a fireball and then a burning fire, which consumes the remaining fuel.

Molotov Ingredients

The key ingredients are a bottle that shatters on impact and a fuel that catches fire and spreads when the bottle shatters. While gasoline and alcohol are the traditional fuels, other flammable liquids are effective, including diesel, turpentine and jet fuel. All alcohols work, including ethanol, methanol and isopropanol.

Sometimes detergent, motor oil, polystyrene foam or rubber cement is added to make the mixture stick better to the target or to make the burning liquid give off a thick smoke.

For the wick, natural fibers, such as cotton or wool, work better than synthetics (nylon, rayon, etc.) because synthetic fibers usually melt.

Proportion of ingredients

Here is an example of a mixture:

  • 1/4 of the bottle remains empty`
  • 1/2 (2/4) of the bottle is gasoline
  • 1/4 contains motor oil

Molotov cocktail reviews

Throwing a flaming bottle of fuel is inherently dangerous, so modifications have been made to the Molotov cocktail. The Alko company mass-produced Molotov cocktails. These devices consisted of 750 ml glass bottles containing a mixture of gasoline, ethanol and tar. The sealed bottles were packed with a pair of pyrotechnic matches, one on each side of the bottle. One or both matches were lit before the device was launched, by hand. The matches were safer and more reliable than the fuel-soaked cloth fuses. The tar thickened the fuel mixture so that the fuel would stick to its target and thus the fire would produce a lot of smoke. Any flammable liquid can be used as fuel. Other thickening agents included dish soap, egg whites, sugar, blood and motor oil. Translated with www.DeepL.com/Translator (free version)

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