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  • Post last modified:12 September 2022

Irregular verbs in English represent one of the most important challenges in learning English since they are one of the most important grammatical elements for speaking or writing.

English irregular verbs

Irregular Verbs English - Comprehensive list
Irregular Verbs English – Comprehensive list

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This list contains all the irregular verbs of the English language. Each entry includes the base or bare infinitive first, followed by the simple past form and the past participle form.

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The 3-page document below is written the largest and therefore easier to read.

Content of the PDF

The file is broken down into 19 groups of 9 verbs to facilitate learning or revision.

It is therefore possible to set a learning objective of 1 or 2 groups of verbs per week for example.

Irregular Verbs
Base FormPast SimplePast ParticipleBase FormPast SimplePast Participle
1
abideabodeabode
11
overtakeovertookovertaken
arisearosearisenpaypaidpaid
awakeawokeawokenpleadpled / pleadedpled / pleaded
bewas/werebeenproveprovedproven / proved
bearboreborn(e)putputput
beatbeatbeatenquitquitquit
becomebecamebecomereadreadread
beginbeganbegunridridrid
bendbentbentrideroderidden
2
betbetbet
12
ringrangrung
bidbid / badebid / biddenriseroserisen
bindboundboundrunranrun
bitebitbittensawsawedsawn/sawed
bleedbledbledsaysaidsaid
blowblewblownseesawseen
breakbrokebrokenseeksoughtsought
breedbredbredsellsoldsold
bringbroughtbroughtsendsentsent
3
broadcastbroadcastbroadcast
13
setsetset
buildbuiltbuiltsewsewedsewn/sewed
burnburnt/burnedburnt/burnedshakeshookshaken
burstburstburstshallshould
buyboughtboughtshedshedshed
cancould… (been able)shineshoneshone
castcastcastshootshotshot
catchcaughtcaughtshowshowedshown
choosechosechosenshrinkshrankshrunk
4
clingclungclung
14
shutshutshut
comecamecomesingsangsung
costcostcostsinksanksunk
creepcreptcreptsitsatsat
cutcutcutsleepsleptslept
dealdealtdealtslideslidslid
digdugdugslitslitslit
divediveddived / dovesmellsmeltsmelt
dodiddonesowsowedsown/sowed
5
drawdrewdrawn
15
speakspokespoken
dreamdreamt/dreameddreamt/dreamedspeedspedsped
drinkdrankdrunkspellspelt/spelledspelt/spelled
drivedrovedrivenspendspentspent
eatateeatenspillspilt/spilledspilt/spilled
fallfellfallenspinspunspun
feedfedfedspitspatspat
feelfeltfeltsplitsplitsplit
fightfoughtfoughtspoilspoiltspoilt
6
findfoundfound
16
spreadspreadspread
fleefledfledspringsprangsprung
flyflewflownstandstoodstood
forbidforbadeforbiddenstealstolestolen
forecastforecastforecaststickstuckstuck
foreseeforesawforeseenstingstungstung
forgetforgotforgottenstinkstankstunk
forgiveforgaveforgivenstrewstrewedstrewn / strewed
forsakeforsookforsakenstrikestruckstruck
7
freezefrozefrozen
17
strivestrovestriven
getgotgotswearsworesworn
givegavegivensweepsweptswept
gowentgoneswellswelledswollen/swelled
grindgroundgroundswimswamswum
growgrewgrownswingswungswung
hanghunghungtaketooktaken
havehadhadteachtaughttaught
hearheardheardteartoretorn
8
hidehidhidden
18
telltoldtold
hithithitthinkthoughtthought
holdheldheldthrowthrewthrown
hurthurthurtthrustthrustthrust
keepkeptkeptundergounderwentundergone
kneelkneltkneltunderstandunderstoodunderstood
knowknewknownwakewokewoken
laylaidlaidwearworeworn
leadledledweepweptwept
9
leanleant/leanedleant/leaned
19
wetwet / wettedwet / wetted
leapleapt / leapedleapt / leapedwillwould
learnlearnt/learnedlearnt/learnedwinwonwon
leaveleftleftwindwoundwound
lendlentlentwithdrawwithdrewwithdrawn
letletletwringwrungwrung
lie (in bed)laylainwritewrotewritten
lie (opp. truth)liedlied
lightlit/lightedlit/lighted
10
loselostlost
makemademade
maymight
meanmeantmeant
meetmetmet
mowmowedmown/mowed
musthad to
offsetoffsetoffset
overcomeovercameovercome
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