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English irregular verbs: free PDF to download

Learning English
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Irregular verbs in English represent one of the most important challenges in learning English since they are one of the most important grammatical elements for speaking or writing.

English irregular verbs

Irregular Verbs English - Comprehensive list
Irregular Verbs English – Comprehensive list

Downloads of the 1 page version document

This list contains all the irregular verbs of the English language. Each entry includes the base or bare infinitive first, followed by the simple past form and the past participle form.

Download the larger 4-page document

The 3-page document below is written the largest and therefore easier to read.

List of irregular verbs

The file is broken down into 19 groups of 9 verbs to facilitate learning or revision.

It is therefore possible to set a learning objective of 1 or 2 groups of verbs per week for example.

Base Form Past Simple Past Participle
abide abode abode
arise arose arisen
awake awoke awoken
be was/were been
bear bore born(e)
beat beat beaten
become became become
begin began begun
bend bent bent
bet bet bet
bid bid / bade bid / bidden
bind bound bound
bite bit bitten
bleed bled bled
blow blew blown
break broke broken
breed bred bred
bring brought brought
broadcast broadcast broadcast
build built built
burn burnt/burned burnt/burned
burst burst burst
buy bought bought
can could … (been able)
cast cast cast
catch caught caught
choose chose chosen
cling clung clung
come came come
cost cost cost
creep crept crept
cut cut cut
deal dealt dealt
dig dug dug
dive dived dived / dove
do did done
draw drew drawn
dream dreamt/dreamed
drink drank drunk
drive drove driven
eat ate eaten
fall fell fallen
feed fed fed
feel felt felt
fight fought fought
find found found
flee fled fled
fly flew flown
forbid forbade forbidden
forecast forecast forecast
foresee foresaw foreseen
forget forgot forgotten
forgive forgave forgiven
forsake forsook forsaken
freeze froze frozen
get got got
give gave given
go went gone
grind ground ground
grow grew grown
hang hung hung
have had had
hear heard heard
hide hid hidden
hit hit hit
hold held held
hurt hurt hurt
keep kept kept
kneel knelt knelt
know knew known
lay laid laid
lead led led
lean leant/leaned leant/leaned
leap leapt / leaped leapt / leaped
learn learnt/learned learnt/learned
leave left left
lend lent lent
let let let
lie (in bed) lay lain
lie (opp. truth) lied lied
light lit/lighted lit/lighted
lose lost lost
make made made
may might
mean meant meant
meet met met
mow mowed mown/mowed
must had to
offset offset offset
overcome overcame overcome
overtake overtook overtaken
pay paid paid
plead pled / pleaded pled / pleaded
prove proved
proven / proved
put put put
quit quit quit
read read read
rid rid rid
ride rode ridden
ring rang rung
rise rose risen
run ran run
saw sawed sawn/sawed
say said said
see saw seen
seek sought sought
sell sold sold
send sent sent
set set set
sew sewed sewn/sewed
shake shook shaken
shall should
shed shed shed
shine shone shone
shoot shot shot
show showed shown
shrink shrank shrunk
shut shut shut
sing sang sung
sink sank sunk
sit sat sat
sleep slept slept
slide slid slid
slit slit slit
smell smelt smelt
sow sowed sown/sowed
speak spoke spoken
speed sped sped
spell spelt/spelled spelt/spelled
spend spent spent
spill spilt/spilled spilt/spilled
spin spun spun
spit spat spat
split split split
spoil spoilt spoilt
spread spread spread
spring sprang sprung
stand stood stood
steal stole stolen
stick stuck stuck
sting stung stung
stink stank stunk
strew strewed
strewn / strewed
strike struck struck
strive strove striven
swear swore sworn
sweep swept swept
swell swelled
swim swam swum
swing swung swung
take took taken
teach taught taught
tear tore torn
tell told told
think thought thought
throw threw thrown
thrust thrust thrust
undergo underwent undergone
understand understood understood
wake woke woken
wear wore worn
weep wept wept
wet wet / wetted wet / wetted
will would
win won won
wind wound wound
withdraw withdrew withdrawn
wring wrung wrung
write wrote written


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